UPPER RESPIRATORY INFECTION (URI)

What is Upper Respiratory Infection?  

Upper Respiratory Infection (URI) is a contagious infection of your upper respiratory tract. Parts of the upper respiratory tract consists of the following: nose, throat, pharynx, larynx, and bronchi. 

The common cold is identified and known as URI. Other kinds and forms of URIs include the following: sinusitis, pharyngitis, epiglottitis, and tracheobronchitis.  

Causes of Upper Respiratory Infection 

Viruses such as:  rhinovirus, adenovirus, coxsackievirus, parainfluenza virusrespiratory syncytial virus and human metapneumovirus are possible causes of Upper Respiratory Infection. URI can also be caused by bacterial infection wherein, medication and antibiotics should be administered or prescribed by a physician. 

Bacteria causing URI are the following: 

  • group A beta-hemolytic streptococci 
  • group C beta-hemolytic streptococci 
  • Corynebacterium diphtheriae (diphtheria) 
  • Neisseria gonorrhoeae (gonorrhea) 
  • Chlamydia pneumoniae (chlamydia) 

Signs & Symptoms: 

  • coughing 
  • discomfort in the nasal passages 
  • a mild fever 
  • excess mucus 
  • nasal congestion 
  • pain or pressure within the face 
  • a runny nose 
  • a scratchy or sore throat 
  • Sneezing 

Other Signs:

  • Bad breath 
  • body aches 
  • a headache 
  • hyposmia, or a loss of the sense of smell 
  • itchy eyes 

Home Remedy: 

1. Take lots of rest

2.Take paracetamol like Tylenol as needed for high fever.

3. Stay hydrated. Take a lot of water.

4. Stay at home.

5. Cover your mouth when you cough.